Vocational or skilled-based education is also known as Career and Technical Education (CTE) or Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). It prepares people for specific trades, crafts, and careers that involve practical activities at various levels in all spheres of life. Vocational courses, though they are more short-term and specialized to a particular skill as compared to academic degrees, they are also included as courses and programs in colleges, universities, as well as technical institutes.
The increasing population in India births one of the most widespread problems of unemployment.
(This sounds more like an opinion piece) Vocational Education Implementation can contribute much to the economic growth and the society for young people to effectively enter the workforce. Practical courses aid the student to gain skills and experience directly linked to a career in the future. Students pursuing vocational and skilled trade courses have a high chance of direct employment since many employers expect new employees to have all the practical skills they need to enter the workforce.
Vocational training in India is based on a full-time and part-time program offered through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs). The central agency for granting recognition to the ITIs in the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT), under the Ministry of Labour, Govt. of India.
TVET in India develops human resources through a three-tier system:
- Undergraduate and post-graduate level specialists (e.g. IITs, NITs, and engineering colleges) trained as engineers and technologists.
The courses a student can opt for are:-
- Bachelor of Technology (BTech)
- Bachelor of Science (BS) Chemistry
- Dual Degree (BTech)
- Dual Degree (BS & MS) Physics
- Master of Science (M.Sc) Chemistry
- Ph. D-Dual Degree
- Master of Technology (MTech)
- Joint M.Sc PhD
- Diploma-level graduates who are trained at Polytechnics as technicians and supervisors.
The most popular courses being:
- Diploma in Computer Science and Engineering; Civil Engineering; Automobile Engineering; Electronics and Communication; Electrical Engineering; Interior Decoration; Fashion, Ceramic, Art and Craft; Mechanical Engineering; Chemical Engineering; Instrumentation and Control Engineering; IT Engineering; Electronics and Telecommunication, Aeronautical, Petroleum, Aerospace, Mining, Genetic, Motorsport, Environmental, and Textile Engineering.
- Certificate courses for higher secondary students in the vocational stream and craftspeople trained in the ITIs as well as through formal apprenticeships as semi-skilled and skilled workers.
- These include Computer operator and programming assistant, Craftsman food production general, Carpentry, Draughtsman, Electronic mechanic, Fashion technology, Fitter, Hair and Skincare, Photography, Radiology technician, Surveyor, Tool and dye make (dyes and molds), to name a few.
Training in Vocational and Skilled trade can prepare and make students well equipped for a career path or serve as a stepping stone to further advance their education and training. After completing their courses students can either be employed by firms, institutes, businesses, or organizations depending on their field of study.
Besides the aforementioned skills, a few more career opportunities are listed below.
- An employee at PSUs (Public Sector Undertaking)
- Software Developer
- Robotics Engineer
- Systems Developer
- Construction Project Manager